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Discourse analysis DA , or discourse studies , is an approach to the analysis of written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event. The objects of discourse analysis discourse , writing, conversation, communicative event are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of sentences , propositions , speech , or turns-at-talk.

Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Contrary to much of traditional linguistics, discourse analysts not only study language use 'beyond the sentence boundary' but also prefer to analyze 'naturally occurring' language use, not invented examples. Discourse analysis has been taken up in a variety of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences , including linguistics , education, sociology , anthropology , social work , cognitive psychology , social psychology , area studies , cultural studies , international relations , human geography , environmental science , communication studies , biblical studies , public relations and translation studies , each of which is subject to its own assumptions, dimensions of analysis, and methodologies.

The ancient Greeks among others had much to say on discourse; however, some scholars [ which? Michel Foucault translated it into French. Formal equivalence relations among the sentences of a coherent discourse are made explicit by using sentence transformations to put the text in a canonical form. Words and sentences with equivalent information then appear in the same column of an array. During this time, however, most linguists ignored such developments in favor of a succession of elaborate theories of sentence-level syntax and semantics.

Following Harris's publications, he worked over the meaning and placement of each word in a collection of Quechua legends with a native speaker of Quechua and was able to formulate discourse rules that transcended the simple sentence structure. He then applied the process to Shipibo, another language of Eastern Peru.

He taught the theory at the Summer Institute of Linguistics in Norman, Oklahoma, in the summers of and and entered the University of Pennsylvania to study with Harris in the interim year. Longacre developed it in his writings. Harris's methodology disclosing the correlation of form with meaning was developed into a system for the computer-aided analysis of natural language by a team led by Naomi Sager at NYU , which has been applied to a number of sublanguage domains, most notably to medical informatics.

Frank Fischer

In the late s and s, and without reference to this prior work, a variety of other approaches to a new cross-discipline of DA began to develop in most of the humanities and social sciences concurrently with, and related to, other disciplines, such as semiotics , psycholinguistics , sociolinguistics , and pragmatics.

Many of these approaches, especially those influenced by the social sciences, favor a more dynamic study of oral talk-in-interaction. An example is "conversational analysis", which was influenced by the Sociologist Harold Garfinkel, the founder of Ethnomethodology. In Europe, Michel Foucault became one of the key theorists of the subject, especially of discourse, and wrote The Archaeology of Knowledge. In this context, the term 'discourse' no longer refers to formal linguistic aspects, but to institutionalized patterns of knowledge that become manifest in disciplinary structures and operate by the connection of knowledge and power.

Since the s, Foucault's works have had an increasing impact especially on discourse analysis in the social sciences.

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Thus, in modern European social sciences, one can find a wide range of different approaches working with Foucault's definition of discourse and his theoretical concepts. Apart from the original context in France, there is, at least since , a broad discussion on socio-scientific discourse analysis in Germany. Berger and Thomas Luckmann , Keller argues, that our sense of reality in everyday life and thus the meaning of every object, actions and events are the product of a permanent, routinized interaction.

Whereas the latter primarily focus on the constitution and stabilisation of knowledge on the level of interaction, Foucault's perspective concentrates on institutional contexts of the production and integration of knowledge, where the subject mainly appears to be determined by knowledge and power.

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Rural Communities. Gap Filling. Keywords Village Rural communities Russia Discourse analysis non-political. Village as a discursive space: The political study of a non-political community.

The political study of a non-political community

Journal of Language and Politics , 13 3 , In: Journal of Language and Politics , Vol. Gololobov, I , ' Village as a discursive space: The political study of a non-political community ', Journal of Language and Politics , vol.

Using quantitative data for political analysis

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Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices - Oxford Scholarship

By Natalia Kurcirkova. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN: Justin Solomon - - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 4 Princeton, N. ISBN Galina Weinstein. Second Edition.

Rowe - - Isis 1 Alison Baverstock - - Logos 23 4 Xiqin Liu - - Critical Discourse Studies 16 4